Do Antibiotics Affect Sperm And The Possibility Of Conception

After taking a course of antibacterial therapy, a man may face some problems in reproductive health. These problems are expressed in changes in the quantitative and qualitative composition of seminal fluid, with a high potential for the formation of infertility.

The male body is able to provide full spermatogenesis only if the immune system is functioning properly. One of the probable reasons for the decrease in the quality of seminal fluid is the detrimental effect of the group of antibacterial drugs on the body’s defenses.

The effect of antibiotics on sperm quality

Many antibacterial drugs have a number of side effects and toxic effects, resulting in a violation of reproductive function.

The development of problems in the male reproductive sphere is facilitated by the use of such antibacterial agents:

  • Antibiotics negatively affect the quantity and quality of sperm.

    Medicines from the group of streptomycin. These drugs have a blocking effect on neuromuscular transmission, thereby disrupting the development of male germ cells;

  • The drug is doxycycline. This tool is widely used to treat gonorrhea, salmonellosis, syphilis, infectious and inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs and the gastrointestinal tract. Against the background of the use of this medication, the DNA chains in the spermatozoa break, which entails a short-term loss of fertility;
  • Group of penicillins. These drugs not only help reduce spermatogenesis, but are also a powerful factor in the processes of the formation of allergic reactions;
  • Amoxicillin. This drug causes male infertility within 30 days from the date of termination of its intake;
  • Bicillin. This antibiotic is excreted from the body within 30-32 days. During this period, spermatogenesis is inhibited in men.

The destructive effect of most of these antibiotics is achieved due to rupture of the sperm membrane, destruction of their nuclei and changes in the structure of DNA. Medicines from the group of fluoroquinolones affect not only the number of germ cells, but also lead to an increase in the acidity and viscosity of seminal fluid.

Read “Healthy sperm: Improving your fertility“.

The possibility of conception on the background of antibiotic therapy

Medical specialists do not recommend planning pregnancy during treatment with these drugs. Such experiments run the risk of not being successful, and can lead to more serious complications. After the man has completed a course of antibiotic therapy, it is recommended that the couple use these tips:

  • both partners must stop drinking alcohol and smoking;
  • within 90 days it is recommended to use barrier contraceptives (condoms);
  • couples need to undergo treatment with multivitamin complexes containing minerals, as well as probiotics and prebiotics.
The restoration of normal spermogram values is observed no earlier than 60-90 days after the end of antibiotic therapy.

In order for high-quality germ cells to take part in the conception of a child, it is necessary to maintain the designated time period. If couples begin to neglect the above rules, fertilizing the egg with a deformed sperm can lead to spontaneous termination of pregnancy in the early stages.

In addition to the aforementioned complications, attempts to conceive a child while taking antibiotics can lead to complications such as intrauterine freezing of the embryo and genetic pathologies of the fetus. Unfortunately, deformed sperm can retain fertility, which poses a great danger to the unborn baby .

In addition to barrier contraceptives, couples can be recommended spermicidal creams, tablets, vaginal suppositories, hormonal preparations in tablet and injection form. Attentive attitude to your health is the key to successful conception, bearing and giving birth to a child.