Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is the most popular food supplement in the world. It is a cheap, readily available and common tool.
How can aspirin be beneficial?
About 1 billion platelets are present in the human bloodstream. They look like tiny pieces of insulating tape that will close any crack in the pipes. If there is a slight scratch or incision somewhere in the arteries, the platelets stick together into lumps and lumps to stop the bleeding.
Billions of microscopic parts of the adhesive tape in the blood constantly help clog any internal microscopic damage. Unfortunately, this repair sometimes does not go as it should, and can lead to clogged arteries, which leads to common heart diseases. For example, in the United States, a million people die every year from heart attacks and strokes.
If everything is so simple, then why not prescribe aspirin for everyone to prevent heart disease? The fact is that taking aspirin significantly increases the risk of internal bleeding, usually in the stomach and intestines, and increases the risk of developing stomach ulcers. The main contraindications to the use of aspirin are associated with this. These are serious problems that can be life threatening.
To minimize the side effects of acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin is taken after meals with a glass of water. To further reduce the effects of aspirin on the gastric mucosa, it is recommended to grind the tablet first with a glass of milk or alkaline mineral water.
Risk groups or when is it worth and should not take aspirin?
High risk – aspirin therapy is necessary
Men are at high risk for the following:
- there have been cases of a heart attack or stroke caused by blood clots;
- there is a blockage or narrowing of blood vessels in the heart, neck, legs;
- hereditary predisposition (immediate family members have had a heart attack);
- the presence of other risk factors: high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol.
In this case, aspirin is considered as a necessary measure to prevent further complications and reduce the risk of mortality due to diseases of the cardiovascular system. People in this group are prescribed one tablet of aspirin per day.
Low risk group – does not need aspirin therapy
If you are not prone to cardiovascular disease and your age does not exceed 40 years, then you are in a low risk group, where the therapeutic use of acetylsalicylic acid can do more harm than good.
Medium-risk group – therapy of choice
If you do not belong to any of the groups, for example, when there are certain risk factors, but they do not yet threaten health, the question arises of the need to take aspirin. It is necessary to determine the risk of developing cardiovascular pathologies based on the following factors:
- your medical history and your close relatives;
- cholesterol level;
- blood pressure indicators.
The decision on the validity of prescribing aspirin is made by the doctor, after comparing the risk factors in your case. However, you yourself can find out what risk of cardiovascular pathologies awaits you in the next 10 years using an online calculator.
Most doctors recommend 81 mg children’s aspirin. But approximately 25–40% of men are resistant to this “pediatric” dose of acetylsalicylic acid. This means that many men will not receive the necessary blood thinning they sought. Men with high cholesterol are often resistant to aspirin and need to increase the dose. All details about this can be discussed with your doctor.