What Is The Reason For The Formation Of Lumps In Semen

The male sex glands participate in the formation of sperm fluid – the testes, their appendages, seminal vesicles and the prostate gland. About 11-12 billion spermatozoa are produced monthly in a healthy man, which are an integral part of sperm and carry genomic information.

Normally, at the time of ejaculation, the ejaculate first enters the ejaculatory ducts from the epididymis. Seminal vesicles throw their secret there. Further, the seminal fluid, passing through the prostate gland, is mixed with its secret, which makes up about 70-75% of all sperm. The composition and properties of the ejaculate primarily depend on the functional state of the genital organs. Therefore, various inflammatory and infectious diseases and tumor processes of the reproductive system can alter the physicochemical properties of sperm.

Inflammatory processes along the pathway of sperm movement affect its properties

Physiological causes of sperm changes

On average, during one sexual intercourse a man secretes from 2 to 6 ml of sperm fluid, which normally has a whitish-grayish or milky tint and opalescent. A healthy man’s ejaculate contains a large number of germ cells, therefore it is somewhat unclear. Due to the content in it of a special secret of the prostate gland – spermine, it is characterized by a specific smell, which in many ways resembles the smell coming from a flowering chestnut.

Sperm composition is determined by spermogram

A change in the color, viscosity, smell and transparency of sperm often indicates the presence of a certain pathology in a man, however, such changes can be transient for some natural reasons.

Physiological reasons for the appearance of lumps and clots of various colors in the ejaculate:

  1. Exposure to heat. During embryogenesis, the testes are laid in the abdominal cavity, where they mature. Only at birth or a few weeks after they descend into the scrotum. This is due to the fact that for normal sperm maturation and gonadal growth, the optimal ambient temperature must be observed. With prolonged overheating, coagulation of the protein that is part of the ejaculate occurs, as a result of which whitish lumps appear in it.
  2. Alcohol abuse. The toxic effect of ethanol leads to a temporary circulatory disturbance, including in the organs of the reproductive system. As a result, gluing of male germ cells, which in this form are secreted together with sperm (in the form of small whitish lumps).
  3. Dehydration. Deficiency of fluid and essential trace elements changes not only the acid-base balance of sperm, but also its consistency. It becomes thick and excessively viscous, sometimes with an admixture of cereal.
  4. The lack of fish, fresh fruits and vegetables in the men ’diet alters the smell and texture of the ejaculate.
  5. Taking certain medications, in particular antibiotics, anabolic hormones, can also provoke a decrease in the amount of sperm fluid and the appearance of thick lumps in it.

Pathological factors

The appearance of white, yellow or dark brown clots in semen can be associated with the presence of a certain disease in a man:

    • infectious and inflammatory pathology of the organs of the reproductive system with sexual transmission (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, etc.);
    • inflammatory changes in the testicles or in the area of their appendages;
    • tumor process in the prostate gland.

      A tumor in the prostate gland can alter the properties of sperm

Sexually transmitted diseases

As a rule, with ureaplasoma, gonorrhea, chlamydia and other STDs, the quantitative and qualitative composition of sperm does not suffer. The appearance of pathological impurities is due to the fact that during the passage of the ejaculate through the urethra, it mixes with the pathological discharge there, due to urethritis.

Gonorrhea is indicated by the appearance in the sperm fluid of thick whitish inclusions that have a sharp specific smell. Clots of yellow or greenish color are most often observed with urethritis caused by intracellular parasites. Viscous lumps of a whitish-yellow hue with a putrid odor are observed with anaerobic urinary tract infections.

In addition, with STDs, the following symptoms occur:

    • itching and severe burning in the area of the external opening of the urethra;
    • pain during intercourse and urination;
    • redness of the glans penis, swelling of the walls of the urethra;
    • the appearance of pathological discharge from the urethra of the mucous or mixed character.

      Pathological processes in STDs change the properties of sperm

Chronic prostatitis

Etiological factors of chronic prostatitis can be transferred infectious diseases of the reproductive system, circulatory disorders in the pelvis, trauma, etc. Due to the fact that more than 70% of sperm fluid is represented by the secretion of the prostate gland, certain changes in the physicochemical properties of the ejaculate can also indicate an existing pathology in the organ.

Chronic prostatitis is characterized by thick sperm, which in its consistency resembles semolina with lumps. Excessive clouding is possible or vice versa – discoloration of the ejaculate as a manifestation of infertility (the unclear white color of sperm is caused by the content of a large number of sperm in it, therefore, a decrease in their concentration increases the transparency of the male ejaculate).

More specific manifestations of chronic prostatitis:

    • discomfort and pain in the pelvic area, which last more than 3 months;
    • irradiation of pain in the perineum, along the rectum, less often in the lower back;
    • intermittent urination;
    • emotional lability.

      With prostatitis, the sperm becomes thick, lumps appear

Orchitis and epididymitis

Acute inflammation of the tissue of the testicles or appendages is manifested:

    • pains in the scrotum, which are aggravated by movements and can give in the groin, sacrum, lower back and lower abdomen;
    • swelling and redness of the skin of the scrotum, an increase in the testicle in volume;
    • fever, weakness and fatigue.

      With orchitis and epididymitis, lumps may appear in semen

The inflammatory process in the gonads is also accompanied by the appearance in the sperm of casts of leukocytes, bacteria and red blood cells, which visually manifests itself in the form of white or yellow lumps.

Thus, the appearance of impurities in semen in the form of flakes or lumps of various colors is rarely normal and to a greater extent indicates the development of an infectious or inflammatory pathology in the organs of the reproductive system.